Joaquim Benedito Barbosa Gomes (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuɐˈkĩ biɲiˈdʒitu] or [bẽneˈdʒitu bɐʁˈbɔzɐ ˈɡõmis], Paracatu, Minas Gerais, Brazil) is a former Justice of the Supreme Federal Court in Brazil. He served as the president of the court (Chief Justice) between 2012 and 2014.
In 2013, he was elected by Time magazine one of the 100 most influential people in the world.
Early life and education
He has humble origins. He is the oldest son of a bricklayer father and a housewife mother. He started his education in the Brazilian public school system in his hometown, later completed in Brasília.
Career before Supreme Court
Barbosa was a member of the Federal Public Ministry and Adjunct Professor at Rio de Janeiro State University. He was also a visiting scholar at the Human Rights Institute at Columbia Law School, in New York(1999 to 2000), and at UCLA School of Law (2002 to 2003).
Aside from his academic achievements, Minister Barbosa also became fluent in French, Spanish, English and German.
Supreme Federal Court Justice
Among many other actions, he is the judge rapporteur for Criminal Action 470  (also known as Mensalão scandal) and his further development, the Criminal Action 536 (also known as Mensalão mineiro).
As of November 2012, he has 8,460 actions under his responsibility being processed by the Court.
Barbosa suffers from sacroiliitis, an inflammatory disease, which notably makes it uncomfortable for him to remain seated. Barbosa has often been noted for his practice of attending session while standing up.
Chief Justice of Brazil
He took the office as the acting president of the court in November 17, 2012 because of the mandatory retirement of his colleague Ayres Britto, as he was the current vice-president of the Court. However he was already the President Elect of the Court as chosen by his fellows on October 2012, keeping the tradition the oldest member not served yet as President to be elected to that position.
Barbosa demonstrates unconditional defense in some questions. He is against the power of prosecutors to file administrative investigations. He argues about transfer the competency to hear cases on slave labor to federal court.Barbosa opposes also the privileged forum for authorities. His tenure start in November 22, 2012 was attended by President Dilma Rousseff, Senate President José Sarney, among many other celebrities.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joaquim Barbosa.|
- VEJA magazine, ed. 1809, p. 94 (in Portuguese).
- O Estado de S. Paulo, November 23, 2012, p. A4
- VEJA magazine, ed. 2024, p. 57 (in Portuguese).
- STF website curriculum vitae (in Portuguese) Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- CV Lattes
- Spreadsheet with Min. Joaquim Barbosa actions pending from STF website (in Portuguese) Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- Diário do Comércio website. (in Portuguese) Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- VEJA magazine, ed. 2290, p. 78 (in Portuguese).
- STF News (in Portuguese) Retrieved November 19, 2012
- O Estado de S. Paulo, November 23, 2012, p. A6
- O Estado de S. Paulo, November 23, 2012, p. A8